Due to the specifics of the Ethernet network daisy chain topology, which the RAC18-IP devices can be connected to, they are equipped with two Ethernet ports, working as switch, allowing to ensure the communication continuity in such network topology. In order to ensure safety in Ethernet communication transmissions, the Ethernet ports of the RAC18-IP controllers are fail-safe protected.
The fail-safe functionality allows the continuity of data transmission through the device, despite of possible power supply breaks. In normal conditions, the data packets coming in are sent through the switch, which ensures communication with further connected devices. However, if the RAC18-IP runs into power failure, thanks to the fail-safe mechanism, the communication between connected devices is upheld, and the data packets are still transmitted to the devices further in the network, ensuring the communication continuity. Devices that are not equipped with the fail-safe protection break the communication continuity in case of the power supply failure, despite of having a built-in switch. The mechanism ensures the Ethernet communication is not broken in any conditions.
Address Pool Consistency
The Ethernet IP interface can be used to connect the device to the computer network, which it will work in, or to the computer itself. If the device is connected to the computer network, make sure that the IP address of the device is in line with the address range of the computer network. In case it differs, the device first needs to be connected directly to the computer and have its IP address changed manually. In such case, the Ethernet TCP/IPv4 connection needs to be fixed manually, making sure that the device's network parameters (IP address, mask, and default gateway’s) are consistent with the Ethernet connection's address pool.
Ethernet Network Cable Length Requirements
A general idea of building the Ethernet networks presumes that the maximum length between the connected devices cannot exceed 100 m. If such network is created using devices equipped with the fail-safe protection in Ethernet switches, the maximum length between the connected devices is proportionally shorter:
In case there are 4 devices in the network and the 2 middle ones lose the power supply, then, in order to ensure the communication continuity between the end devices, the length of cable between each device cannot exceed 25 m. Then, the overall cable length between end devices is 100 m, which fulfills the Ethernet network requirements.