Grounding and Shielding
In most cases, I/O modules will be installed in an enclosure along with the other devices, which generate electromagnetic radiation. Relays, contactors, transformers, motor invertors, etc., are examples of such devices. Radiation can induce electrical noise into both power and signal lines, as well as direct radiation into the module. Whether or not the SfAR modules are immune to such effects, the interferences must be suppressed at their source if possible to ensure the proper functioning of the entire system. Appropriate grounding, shielding and other protective steps should be taken at the installation stage to prevent these effects. It is recommended to at least follow the rules below:
line power cables must be routed with spatial separation from signal and data transmission cables;
analog and digital signal cables should also be separated;
it is recommended to use shielded cables for analog signals, cable shields should not be interrupted by intermediate terminals;
the shielding should be earthed directly after the cable enters the cabinet.
It is recommended to install interference suppressors when switching inductive loads (e.g., coils of contactors, relays, solenoid valves). RC snubbers or varistors are suitable for AC voltage and freewheeling diodes for DC voltage loads. The suppressing elements must be connected as close to the coil as possible.
Transmission line effects often present problems for data communication networks. These problems include reflections and signal attenuation. To eliminate the presence of reflections of signal from the end of the cable, the cable must be terminated at both ends with a resistor across the line adequate to its characteristic impedance. Both ends must be terminated since the propagation is bidirectional. In case of an RS485 twisted pair cable, this termination is typically 120 Ω.
Setting Module Address in RS485 Modbus Network
Changing the address of the SfAR-S-ETH is possible with the aid of a built-in www website. After logging in, choose the Network tab, insert the module address in the Device Address field, and click Save. The device will save the given address and will remember it even after disconnecting from the power supply.
WARNING! The address is reset during the restoration of default configuration (more details in Default settings section).
Types of Modbus Functions
There are 4 types of Modbus functions supported by the SfAR modules.
1, 5, 15
4, 6, 16
The settings of TCP communication are stored in the memory of the device. The Modbus TCP network configuration is only accessible through the website (more details in Network section). The communication data of the module in the RS485 network is stored in the16-bit registers. The access to the registers is possible with the Modbus TCP protocol or through the website (details in Modbus Config section).
The default configuration can be restored with the DIP switch, SW6.
Timeout of connection
The device address
Timeout of RS485
Device Table Refresh Slow
Device Table Refresh Normal
Device Table Refresh Fast
Restoring Default Configuration
To restore the default configuration, follow the steps below:
Turn the power off;
Turn the switch sw6 on;
Turn the power on;
When power and communication led flash turn the switch SW6 off.
After restoring the default configuration, all values stored in the registers will be cleared as well.
0 – 2400
0 – none
1 – one stop bit
7 – 7 data bits
0 – RTU
This 16-bits register specifies the time in milliseconds to watchdog reset. If module does not receive any valid message within that time, all digital and analog outputs will be set to the default state.
This feature is useful if there is an interruption in data transmission and for security reasons. Output states must be set to the appropriate state in order to reassure the safety of persons or property.
The default value is 0 milliseconds, which means the watchdog function is disabled.